Stay up to date on COVID-19 information and get your vaccine questions answered

COVID-19 Vaccine Information

All approved COVID-19 vaccines are highly effective at preventing COVID-19, especially hospitalizations and deaths. Learn more about each of the different vaccines here.

The confirmed rate of all serious vaccines side effects are about 1 in 500,000 people inoculated. No deaths have been linked to COVID-19 vaccines. In contrast, COVID-19 is now the leading cause of death in the United States, killing more than 3,000 people every day, more than heart disease and nearly twice more than cancer.   


Claims that the vaccines can cause death are false. One rumor that claimed an Alabama nurse died after getting vaccinated has been shown to be false because the nurse is alive and well. A selectively edited video showed a Tennessee nurse dropping to the ground after getting vaccinated, implying she died, when she in fact had fainted. The deaths of 24 people in a New York nursing home were falsely blamed on vaccines -- when residents hadn’t received the vaccines yet.

COVID-19 vaccines made by Moderna and Pfizer do not contain fetal cells and do not rely on fetal cells for production. To make many of today’s vaccines, manufacturers use fetal cell lines obtained through two abortions in the 1960s that have been cultured and frozen in storage for long-term use. These fetal cell lines themselves do NOT contain fetal tissue. Other vaccines that are still in trials, such as those by Sanofi and Novavax, do not use the fetal cell lines in development. Both of these are “protein subunit” vaccines, which use a protein from the virus to trigger an immune response. The Catholic Church and the Southern Baptist Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission allow use of COVID-19 vaccines, saying their use is morally permissible. Many Christian faith leaders encourage vaccinations, citing neighborly love (Mark 12:31) and wisdom (Prov. 4:7).

No evidence indicates that COVID-19 vaccines cause infertility. A false claim spread on social media when vaccine opponents made a misleading connection between a protein in the vaccine and a protein that helps form placentas. Both proteins share a minute string of amino acids, but otherwise have nothing else in common. Imagine two phone numbers that each have the number “3” but no other shared numbers, so calling one number will not connect with the other number. On the other hand, evidence does exist that acute COVID-19 infections can lead to inflammation and scarring of the testicles. In fact, 23 women in the Pfizer/BioNTech trials went on to become pregnant. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends immunizing pregnant and lactating women. The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine recommends COVID-19 vaccine administration to pregnant healthcare workers.

The Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines, which are currently being administered to the U.S. public, contain messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), lipids (or oils and grease), salt and sugar. Moderna’s vaccine has two additional ingredients: acetic acid, and acid stabilizers. That’s it. No microchips. Conspiracy theories that the vaccines are a Trojan Horse to put microchips into people are unproven and so-called evidence of this claim have been widely discredited, such as images purporting to show a 5G chip inside a vaccine turning out in reality to be a circuit board for a guitar pedal. And Microsoft founder Bill Gates’ alleged plot to microchip everyone via vaccines? The rumor, started in Russia and amplified by former President Trump’s convicted associate Roger Stone, distorts remarks Gates made that a person’s vaccine record could someday be stored in special ink administered at the same time as a vaccine. Not a chip. Not a tracking device. In fact, this claim is all fiction.

COVID-19 vaccines can’t alter genes because they 1) don’t contain DNA, the double-stranded, long and tightly bundled part of the cell called the nucleus, and 2) their active ingredient, the mRNA, which are single-stranded copies of a tiny part of the DNA, never enters the cells themselves or interacts with a person’s DNA. Deaths that occured after individuals were vaccinated involved frail or elderly recipients with underlying medical conditions. No evidence exists that the vaccines were related to those deaths -- or that their genes had been altered. While the vaccines have not caused any deaths, COVID-19 has killed more than 450,000 Americans.